Certain materials can actually be damaged by PWHT, while others almost always require it. In general, the higher the carbon content of a material, the more likely...
Certain materials can actually be damaged by PWHT, while others almost always require it.
In general, the higher the carbon content of a material, the more likely it needs PWHT after welding activities have been conducted. Similarly, the higher the alloy content and cross-sectional thickness, the more likely the material is to need PWHT.
In order to ensure the material strength of a part is retained after welding, a process known as Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT) is regularly performed. PWHT can be used to reduce residual stresses, as a method of hardness control, or even to enhance material strength.
If PWHT is performed incorrectly, or neglected altogether, residual stresses can combine with load stresses to exceed a material's design limitations. This can lead to weld failures, higher cracking potential, and increased susceptibility to brittle fracture.
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